Silk is the fine thread with which a silkworm spins its cocoon. The silkworm pupates in its cocoon and emerges 20 days later as a moth. The thread which is produced by the spinning glands of the silkworm is the finest and strongest natural fiber in the world. As it is a breathable fabric and a natural temperature regulator, silk helps the body retain heat in cold weather while excess heat is expelled in warm weather, helping your body maintain a comfortable, natural temperature.
1. Breeding silkworm
The silk worm feeds on mulberry leaves and attaches itself to a mulberry tree to spin a silk cocoon. This process takes from three to eight days and is referred to as pupating. Once the silkworm stops eating it spins a cocoon, which is composed of a single thread.
Silk manufacturers sort cocoons according to color, size, shape and texture as these attributes affect the quality of the silk. Cocoons range from white and yellow to grayish. After the cocoons have been sorted, they need to be softened through a series of hot and cold immersions.
Reeling is the process of unwinding the silk filaments from the cocoon and combining them together to make a thread of raw silk. After the resulting threads are gathered together and the degumming process is finished they are then subjected to a bleaching process and set out to dry.
This is a process of twisting of one or more threads of the raw silk into a strand sufficiently strong for weaving or knitting. The skeins of raw silk are categorized by color, size and quantity. Next, they are soaked in warm water mixed with oil or soap to soften the sericin.
There are dyes and colors being used to achieve certain color schemes and designs.
The threads are gathered onto spools to ready for weaving process. At this step, wherein the threads are interlaced, that a fabric is produced. Silk weaving creates a fabric by interlacing the yarns.
7. Designing and Printing
Each scarf starts with original designs, these artworks are then converted to digital files to be colored, hand screen printed, collaged and combined with found imagery and photography to create the intricate and layered prints of the scarves.
8. Finishing the silk scarves
Capex offers a variety hemming options including a hand roll, machine hem. And then it goes to the final steps: washing the scarves, pressing silk scarf to smooth out the creases and inspect the silk scarves to ensure product safety.